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Publication (UJEP):Study of Degradation Kinetics of Parathion Methyl on Mixed Nanocrystalline Titania-Zirconium and Titania-Cerium Oxides
Abstract: The unique surface properties of some nanocrystalline metal oxides and their application for removal of various toxic compounds were reported in early 1990s. Recently, a reliable method for the preparation of reactive cerium dioxide sorbent and its application for degradation of the organophosphate pesticides, such as parathion methyl, chlorpyrifos, dichlofenthion, fenchlorphos, and prothiofos, as well as of some chemical warfare agents-nerve gases soman and O-ethyl S-[2-(diisopropylamino) ethyl] methylphosphonothioate (VX) was published. This paper reports on the kinetics study of degradation of parathion methyl as a representative organophosphate on nanocrystalline metal oxides TiO2, ZrO2, CeO2 and their mixtures in different molar ratios of particular elements. The tested sorbents except of CeO2 were prepared by different methods (e.g. sol-gel, precipitation) in cooperation with Institute of Inorganic Chemistry (Řež, Czech Republic). The degradation kinetics of parathion methyl on tested sorbents was followed by HPLC equipped with diode array detector. The basic kinetics parameters (half-lives of parathion methyl degradation, rate constants of degradation product formation) were calculated for each sorbent from Weber-Morris equation of 1st order diffusion kinetic model. The results proved the ability of prepared sorbents to degrade parathion methyl under formation of 4-nitrophenol as the main degradation product. The most efficient sorbents were TiCe (2:8), TiCe (1:1), TiCe (0:1) (50-70 %) followed by TiZr (1:1), TiCe (8:2), TiZr (8:2), TiZr (2:8) (20-30%) and TiO2, ZrO2 (less than 5 %).
Kuráň P., Pšenička M., Šťastný M., Benkocká M., Janoš P.: “Study of Degradation Kinetics of Parathion Methyl on Mixed Nanocrystalline Titania-Zirconium and Titania-Cerium Oxides“, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 44(5):052039, 2016, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/44/5/052039.