Publication (UFCHJH): Extended Characterization Methods for Covalent Functionalization of Graphene on Copper

Abstract: Graphene is a material of great potential in a broad range of applications, for each of which specific tuning of the material's properties is required. This can be achieved, for example, by covalent functionalization. We have exploited two protocols for surface grafting, either by diazonium salts or by nucleophilic exchange, to perform graphene covalent modification directly on a copper substrate, which is routinely used for the synthesis of the material, and investigated the difference in reactivity compared with other substrates. The successful functionalization was confirmed by Raman and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. In addition, we have found that the copper substrate can serve as a plasmonic surface enhancing the Raman spectra. Furthermore, the covalent grafting was shown to tolerate the transfer process, thus allowing ex post transfer from copper to other substrates. This protocol avoids wet processing and enables an all-gas-phase transformation of functionalized graphene, which eliminates the main sources of contamination.

Kovaříček P., Vrkoslav V., Bastl Z., Fridrichová M., Drogowska K., Kalbáč M.: „Extended Characterization Methods for Covalent Functionalization of Graphene on Copper“, Carbon 118(2017)200–207.

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